How does CBD work?
Scientific jargon alert: The endogenous cannabinoid system is a pivotal physiologic system, in maintaining your health.
Endocannabinoids and their receptors exist throughout the body, in the brain, organs, and connective tissues, glands, and immune cells.
In every tissue, the cannabinoid system performs various tasks, with the ultimate goal being to maintain a stable internal environment in your body.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS), with its critical role for the immune and nervous systems, can best be described as a bridge between body and mind.
When cannabinoid receptors have triggered a range of physiologic processes that take place in your nervous and immune systems.
There is empirical evidence suggesting that a healthy functioning cannabinoid system can be further enhanced by taking cannabis medicinally and thus improving your ECS.
Is CBD addictive?
In line with the World Health Organization (WHO) report, CBD exhibits no safety and side effects that would indicate any drug withdrawal or dependence potential in humans.
Presently there is no evidence suggesting a connection between the use of CBD and withdrawal symptoms or dependency.
Is CBD Safe?
CBD has a prominent safety track record, especially when it is compared to conventional medically reviewed over-the-counter prescription drugs.
The World Health Organization review paper stated there were no recorded cases of overdose fatalities attributed to cannabis.
Having said that, a key safety concern with CBD is that it is predominantly marketed and sold as a supplement and not a medication.
This means that at present, the FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) does not regulate CBD products in terms of safety and purity as dietary supplements.
Such placement can create uncertainty for end consumers, to know whether the end product they are buying has active ingredients and whether the dosage levels stipulated on product labels are indeed correct.
Some people consuming CBD may experience the following side effects: nausea, fatigue, and irritability.
People with pre-existing health conditions may also be vulnerable to other side effects.
When considering any new medication, if you are contemplating the medicinal consumption of CBD oil, you should consult your doctor first to determine the appropriateness and consumption dose of CBD oil.
Is CBD legal?
Legal jargon alert: The legal status of CBD appears at first glance to be a simple question, but it requires a rather complex answer.
The US government’s position on CBD is confusing, to say the least. The federal government determines whether CBD comes from cannabis sativa or marijuana.
If the source is marijuana, the DEA (US Drugs Enforcement Agency) considers it to be illegal.
The DEA classifies anything deriving from the marijuana plant as Schedule I substances, categorizing the plant as having no medicinal properties and is equivalent to other addictive antipsychotic drugs such as ecstasy, LSD, and heroin.
The legality of CBD is expected to go through reform. It is yet to be seen whether the US FDA’s approval of Epidolix will influence the DEA to change its position especially as there is growing consensus in Congress to classify the cannabis sativa/hemp crop as ‘legal’.
If this happens, it would make CBD and research around its medicinal use extremely difficult to restrict or sideline and would encourage further medically reviewed insights
At the state level, all 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of nuances, or additional requirements stipulating a doctor's endorsement is required for consumption.
The legality issue gets further confusing when CBD comes from hemp. Pursuant to the 2014 Farm Bill, the DEA’s position is that CBD from hemp is illegal unless the grower raised the plant ‘under the auspices of a state agriculture pilot program’ for the purposes of research.
Are you confused yet? Well, I’m confused right alongside you.
As long as the positions are taken at the federal level and the state level differs, the status around the legal classification of CBD will continue. Watch this space.
Can you legally buy CBD oil online?
Yes, you can is the short answer. Always be aware of where you are purchasing from and which jurisdiction you are shipping to as the laws may differ.
How is CBD oil made?
CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, followed by diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.
Non-GMO hemp plants then go through an extraction process to produce a darkish oil known as crude oil.
There are many different types of extraction processes, with the primary goal of passing a solvent through dried plant material, with the objective to extract out the active compounds.
This crude oil is processed further before being made into a final CBD product.
The following extraction methods are commonly used:
High-quality alcohol (ethanol) is used to separate CBD and other cannabinoids from the plant.
This extraction process can be done under either warm or cold conditions and is an efficient method for CBD extraction when compared to CO2 extraction.
Involves using carbon dioxide under extremely low temperatures and extremely high pressure to clean out hemp flowers of all cannabinoids and terpenes.
This extraction process, whilst laborious can produce some of the purest quality of cannabinoid extracts.
The downside is that the equipment and extraction process is expensive and often the end consumer picks up this tab.
Contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant. THC levels are 0.3% or below.
Contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in the hemp plant, but without THC.
What is the dosage of CBD Oil I should take?
This depends on the medicinal purpose you are taking the CBD for, along with your physical size, your general health, and any pre-existing conditions you have, the type of metabolism you have, and any medication you are currently taking.
Always consult a doctor before consuming CBD oil.
Conclusion - CBD for sleep?
CBD oil may provide relief to a multitude of health issues, including sleep. With so many dissenting views on its legal status at the state level let alone at the federal level, it still remains an unregulated market, requiring end consumers to do their homework before consuming CBD.
As the legal and empirical landscape evolves, the understanding of medicinal CBD oil will grow, aiding millions of people to get pain relief a good night's sleep.