Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that specifically affects the large intestine or colon. Ulcerative colitis can be very painful and can sometimes lead to life-threatening complications.

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is more common in developed countries and seems to be increasing in frequency.

Caucasians are more likely to develop ulcerative colitis than other ethnic groups. There also appears to be a familial link, as ulcerative colitis is more common in people who have a close relative with the condition.

The most common symptom of ulcerative colitis is bloody diarrhea. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain and cramping, weight loss, fatigue, and anemia.

Ulcerative colitis can also cause inflammation in other parts of the body, such as the joints, skin, and eyes.

Ulcerative colitis is diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. There is no one test that can definitively diagnose ulcerative colitis.

Treatment for ulcerative colitis focuses on reducing inflammation and relieving symptoms. Medications, surgery, and lifestyle changes can all be used to help manage the condition.