Liver

The human liver is a large, complex organ that has many important functions in the body.

The liver filters the blood of toxins and waste products, and it produces bile, which helps to break down fats in the digestive process.

The liver also stores energy reserves in the form of glycogen, and it synthesizes proteins that are essential for the structure and function of all cells in the body.

The liver is located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen and is protected by the rib cage. It is a large organ, weighing around 3 pounds in an adult.

The liver is reddish-brown in color and has a smooth, lobed surface. It is divided into two main sections: the right lobe and the left lobe.

The liver is a very tough organ and can regenerate if part of it is removed. However, the liver can also be damaged by disease or injury and can become diseased itself.

There are many different types of liver disease, including hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), and liver cancer.

Liver disease can be caused by viral infections, alcohol abuse, and other factors. Treatment for liver disease often includes medications, surgery, and transplantation.