Gout typically affects the big toe, but can also affect other joints in the foot and ankle. The pain is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joint, which leads to inflammation.
Treatment typically involves medications to reduce pain and inflammation, as well as lifestyle changes to prevent further attacks.
There are two types of gout: primary and secondary. Primary gout is the most common type, and it occurs when uric acid levels in the body are too high.
Secondary gout is less common, and it occurs when uric acid levels are normal but there is another condition that causes the body to produce more uric acid than usual.
Gout attacks can come on suddenly and be extremely painful. The joint may become red, swollen, and warm to the touch. The pain can last for days or weeks, and it may come and go in episodes.
If you think you may have gout, see your doctor.