Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate, a small gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It produces semen, which helps transport sperm during ejaculation.
Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and may not cause any symptoms for years. When symptoms do occur, they may include difficulty urinating, weak or interrupted flow of urine, and pain or burning during urination. Some men with prostate cancer also experience erectile dysfunction.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in American men and the second leading cause of death from cancer in men.
There are several types of treatment for prostate cancer, including surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. The type of treatment depends on the stage and grade of the tumor, as well as the age and overall health of the patient.
If you are a man over the age of 50, or if you have a family history of prostate cancer, it is important to talk to your doctor about your risk factors and whether or not you should be screened for the disease. Early detection is key to the successful treatment of prostate cancer.