Eczema is a chronic inflammation of the skin that results in red, itchy, and scaly rashes. It is a very common condition, affecting up to 20% of the population.
There is no cure for eczema, but there are treatments that can help to manage the symptoms. Eczema is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
It is often associated with other conditions such as allergies, asthma, and hay fever. People with eczema are more likely to have skin infections.
There are two main types of eczema: atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type and is often hereditary. Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or allergen.
Eczema can be a very debilitating condition, causing significant physical and psychological distress. It can have a major impact on quality of life and can lead to social isolation and depression.
There are a number of treatments available for eczema, including topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, emollients, and phototherapy. In severe cases, oral corticosteroids, or immunosuppressants may be required.