Hemorrhoids are swollen and stretched-out veins that line the anal canal and lower rectum. They can be either internal, occurring inside the rectum, or external, developing under the skin around the anus.
Hemorrhoids often cause bleeding during bowel movements, as well as itching, pain, and discomfort.
There are a number of things that can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids, including genetics, constipation, diarrhea, and straining during bowel movements.
Pregnant women are also at an increased risk for developing hemorrhoids due to the added pressure on the rectal area.
There are a number of treatment options available for hemorrhoids, depending on the severity of the condition. For mild cases, over-the-counter creams and ointments can be effective in relieving symptoms.
More severe cases may require prescription medications or surgery. In some cases, hemorrhoids may go away on their own without any treatment.