Bone marrow is the spongy tissue found in the center of some bones. It produces blood cells and stores them in the marrow cavity. The bone marrow contains two types of stem cells: myeloid stem cells and lymphoid stem cells.
Myeloid stem cells give rise to red blood cells, platelets, and other types of blood cells. Lymphoid stem cells give rise to B-cells and T-cells, which are important for the immune system.
The bone marrow is a very active organ. Every day, it produces billions of new blood cells. These blood cells mature and enter the bloodstream where they perform various functions.
For example, red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues, platelets help with blood clotting, and white blood cells fight infection.
Bone marrow transplant is a treatment for certain types of cancer and other blood disorders. In this procedure, healthy bone marrow is transplanted into the patient. The healthy bone marrow replaces the diseased bone marrow and helps the patient’s body produce healthy blood cells.
Bone marrow is a fascinating and important organ. It plays a vital role in the production of blood cells and the maintenance of our immune system. A bone marrow transplant can be a life-saving treatment for certain blood disorders and cancers.